One of the main differences between some Eastern philosophies and the Judeo-Christian tradition is in relation to the human essence, or what we refer to as the human “soul.”
For some Eastern philosophies, the external human form is important because it places the spirit-soul in a unique position to seek after God after having evolved from the animal species through reincarnation.
According to the Vedic proposition, there are approximately 8.4 Million species of animals. This leads to the conclusion that although the external human form is important, the spirit-soul within is of the same essence as the rest of the animal species.
On the other hand, the Judeo-Christian tradition utterly rejects this way of thinking by placing the essential difference between humans and the rest of the animal kingdom upon the soul.
The Bible teaches that even though animal and Adam were created on the same 6th day, that God especially “blew” His breath of life into the nostrils of the external form of Adam, hence creating a “living soul.”
The Bible teaches that human beings are essentially different than animals, and made to not only look like the divine form, but also to think, feel, and act like God through his vocational stewardship over creation.
This is an important difference which highlights the fact that most anti-abortion protesters are of the Judeo-Christian tradition, rather than Vedic. It is also a fact that most animal-life activists harbor kinship with the Vedic proposition of the evolution or transmigration of the soul.
In the Judeo-Christian tradition, what differentiates humans from the rest of the animal kingdom is the composition of the soul, which is what defines the body.
Human beings are created in the Image and Likeness of God, which means that they are infinitely more valuable than chickens or goats. Hence, they should be venerated, respected, and actively loved according to the correlation between them and their Maker.