St. Justin Martyr passed down through St. Anastasius that all of Creation is divided into 6 categories. God has sent His only-begotten Son to elevate us to the position of “Sons of God.” The way we carry out our lives reflects a certain form of Creation that denigrates the purpose of human beings: to become fully realized images and perfect companions of the divine. 

The following are the 6 categories of Creation.

  1. Things intelligent and immortal, such as are the Angels.
  2. Things reasonable and mortal, such as Mankind.
  3. Things sentient and irrational, such as cattle, birds, and fish.
  4. Things that can advance, and move, and are insensible, such as the winds, and the clouds, and the waters, and the stars.
  5. Things which increase and are immovable, such as the trees.
  6. Things which are insensible and immovable, such as the mountains, the earth, and such like.

Then Justin Martyr adds the following: “For all the creatures of God, in heaven and on earth, fall under one or other of these divisions, and are circumscribed by them.”


Why would such a teaching matter to modern hearers? Because this teaching contains many philosophical mysteries of the early Christian Church that were exclusively explained to the disciples. In addition to sharing with us the Apostolic interpretive lens of the Universe, we can come to understand our unique position in the created order and the elevation of the human race from a lesser, moral state, to a superior, eternal one.

For instance, the main two differences between Angels and Humans are psychosomatic. 

While Angels are naturally “intelligent” and eternal, fallen humans are only “reasonable” and subject to death. The word “intelligence” (Greek: Nous) is the ability to perceive and understand the truth. This perception is a gift of “illumination” by the Holy Spirit, for the purpose of seeing things from God’s perspective.

The “reasonableness” of humans is the ability to construct theories based on perception.

These theories stand in contradistinction from others since they proceed from minds that cannot accurately discern, recognize nor describe the Absolute Truth that transcends them.  In fact, the gift of “reasonableness” is useless unless we can perceive and understand the Absolute Truth by means of divine assistance through our Apostolic teachers.

The essence of these teachings- “If we live in the Light of the Gospel, we shall reap the fruits of the Gospel. If we’re not reaping the fruits of the Gospel, then we’re probably living under a false perception (interpretation) of the Gospel… a false Christianity.“–jcr